Essential Crane Terms and Terminologies Operators Need To Know

Every crane operator or personnel working with crane engine is required to know the basic fact about the machine they are operating like the back of their hands. Knowing the equipment from top to bottom would help them to understand better how it works and how they can utilize this for their work.

And part of the learning is knowing the terminologies and terms related to the machine. Whether you are operating a machine from an EOT crane company or a simple pulley, here are the terms that you must know:

  1. Critical load


Critical load refers to any lifted load whose uncontrolled movement can cause a negative effect in terms of safety and security of the personnel working environment as a whole. Crane machines used for operating and lifting critical load are required to have the single failure proof function to prevent compromising the load should a component is damaged or failed to work.


  1. Load block


A load block is simply the assembly of crane components and spare parts including the hook, swivel, sheaves, bearing, and the frame. It is suspended in ropes or hoisting chains and is used to lift and transport objects of specific loading weight.


  1. Lift


In terms of crane language, a lift refers to the highest or the maximum safe point in which the crane hook and buck o magnet can move and operate.


  1. Overhead crane

The overhead crane is one of the most common crane being manufactured by crane manufacturers in UAE. Also known as the bridge crane, this equipment can be found in industrial environments and is typically used in an indoor setting. The way this crane works is the lifting component or hoist travels along the parallel pathways and bridge to transport a load from one point to another. There are a lot of types of bridge crane. One of the most popular is the top running crane that works through rails attached to runway support beams.


  1. Explosion proof crane


Most cranes today are running through electricity and is composed of electrical components. This kind of crane has an explosion-proof function that prevents hazardous ignition should an explosion or electrical shortage happen to the equipment. This would prevent total equipment failure and workplace accidents due to the machine electrical shortage.


  1. Single failure proof


Single failure proof is a special feature included in cranes working with a critical load. This feature allows to prevent other components from being compromised and maintain control of the crane’s load should there be an equipment failure in one of its components.